Multiple Bayesian network meta-analyses to establish therapeutic algorithms for metastatic triple negative breast cancer

Cancer Treat Rev. 2022 Dec:111:102468. doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2022.102468. Epub 2022 Sep 28.


Metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (mTNBC) is a poor prognostic disease with limited treatments and uncertain therapeutic algorithms. We performed a systematic review and multiple Bayesian network meta-analyses according to treatment line to establish an optimal therapeutic sequencing strategy for this lethal disease. We included 125 first-line trials (37,812 patients) and 33 s/further-lines trials (11,321 patients). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints included overall response rates (ORR), overall survival (OS) and safety, for first and further lines, separately. We also estimated separate treatment rankings for the first and subsequent lines according to each endpoint, based on (surface under the cumulative ranking curve) SUCRA values. No first-line treatment was associated with superior PFS and OS than paclitaxel ± bevacizumab. Platinum-based polychemotherapies were generally superior in terms of ORR, at the cost of higher toxicity.. PARP-inhibitors in germline-BRCA1/2-mutant patients, and immunotherapy + chemotherapy in PD-L1-positive mTNBC, performed similar to paclitaxel ± bevacizumab. In PD-L1-positive mTNBC, pembrolizumab + chemotherapy was better than atezolizumab + nab-paclitaxel in terms of OS according to SUCRA values. In second/further-lines, sacituzumab govitecan outperformed all other treatments on all endpoints, followed by PARP-inhibitors in germline-BRCA1/2-mutant tumors. Trastuzumab deruxtecan in HER2-low mTNBC performed similarly and was the best advanced-line treatment in terms of PFS and OS after sacituzumab govitecan, according to SUCRA values. Moreover, comparisons with sacituzumab govitecan, talazoparib and olaparib were not statistically significant. The most effective alternatives or candidates for subsequent lines were represented by nab-paclitaxel (in ORR), capecitabine (in PFS) and eribulin (in PFS and OS).

Keywords: BRCA; Bayesian network meta-analysis; HER2-low; Immunotherapy; PARP inhibitors; PD-L1; Pembrolizumab; Sacituzumab govitecan; Therapeutic algorithm; Trastuzumab deruxtecan; Triple negative breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
  • B7-H1 Antigen
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Bevacizumab / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Network Meta-Analysis
  • Paclitaxel
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms*


  • Bevacizumab
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • B7-H1 Antigen
  • Paclitaxel