Imaging Evaluation of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Complications

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2022 Oct;32(4):651-673. doi: 10.1016/j.giec.2022.05.001. Epub 2022 Sep 7.


Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory condition that can progress to fibrostenotic and penetrating complications. Cross-sectional imaging is often needed for accurate diagnosis of IBD complication and for planning the appropriate management strategy. Computed tomography enterography, magnetic resonance enterography, and IBD ultrasound have become key tools for clinicians and interventional endoscopists. This article highlights and discusses various radiologic imaging techniques and their application to the diagnosis and management of IBD complications.

Keywords: Abscess; CT enterography; Crohn disease; IBD ultrasound; MR enterography; Stricture.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases* / complications
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods