Comparisons of resting-state brain activity between insomnia and schizophrenia: a coordinate-based meta-analysis

Schizophrenia (Heidelb). 2022 Oct 7;8(1):80. doi: 10.1038/s41537-022-00291-3.


Growing evidence shows that insomnia is closely associated with schizophrenia (SCZ), but the neural mechanism under the association remains unclear. A direct comparison of the patterns of resting-state brain activities would help understand the above question. Using meta-analytic approach, 11 studies of insomnia vs. healthy controls (HC) and 39 studies of SCZ vs. HC were included to illuminate the common and distinct patterns between insomnia and SCZ. Results showed that SCZ and insomnia shared increased resting-state brain activities in frontolimbic structures including the right medial prefrontal gyrus (mPFC) and left parahippocampal gyrus. SCZ additionally revealed greater increased activities in subcortical areas including bilateral putamen, caudate and right insula and greater decreased activities in precentral gyrus and orbitofrontal gyrus. Our study reveals both shared and distinct activation patterns in SCZ and insomnia, which may provide novel insights for understanding the neural basis of the two disorders and enlighten the possibility of the development of treatment strategies for insomnia in SCZ in the future.

Publication types

  • Review