The regulatory network between arsenic, genes and signaling pathways has been reported in arsenic carcinogenesis. Studies on circRNA represent a growing field, but the extent to circRNA potential mechanisms remains poorly understood. So this study we explore the systematic function of hsa_circ_0005050 in mediating the cell apoptosis and proliferation. We demonstrated that hsa_circ_0005050 was highly expressed in subjects who are long-term exposed to arsenic, and could be induced by NaAs2O3 in A549 and 16HBE. Knockdown of hsa_circ_0005050 promotes A549 cell viability, whereas exerts the opposite effects in 16HBE. Mechanistically, hsa_circ_0005050 regulates the p53 and NF-κB signaling pathway involved in the apoptosis and proliferation. And we found that hsa_circ_0005050 could directly bind to the RNA binding protein ILF3 and mutually influence each other's formation. Upon si-hsa_circ_0005050, ILF3 export to the cytoplasm resulting the formation of a ternary complex ILF3-p65-IκBA, breaks the balance of p53 and NF-κB pathway and induces A549 apoptosis and leads to 16HBE proliferation. As a result of these investigations, suggestions were identified for future research.
Keywords: Arsenic; Cell apoptosis; Cell proliferation; NF-κB and P53 balance; circRNA-protein complex; hsa_circ_0005050.
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