Body temperature related factors diminishing the drive to exercise

Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1987 Jun;65(6):1274-80. doi: 10.1139/y87-203.


The effects of slightly below-normal body temperatures (delta Tcore-0.5 to 1 degree C) on exercise performance were examined in four series of studies employing a standardized precooling maneuver. In both the precooling tests and the control tests the subjects exercised on a cycle ergometer at an ambient temperature of 18 degrees C with the following results. In series 1, the subjects were exercising at a heart rate of 120 beats X min-1. Work rate and oxygen pulse were significantly increased, and sweat rate was less elevated in precooling tests than in controls. In series 2, in 12 well-trained rowers subjected to an incremental performance test, maximum work rate, peak VO2, time to exhaustion, and total work were not reduced in precooling tests. Eight well-trained rowers in series 3 were requested to work as hard as possible for 1 h. The mean work rate, VO2, and oxygen pulse were increased in the precooling tests by 6.8, 9.6, and 5.6%, respectively, whereas the sweat rate was 20% lower. In series 4 after a 16-min period of easy exercise (phase 1) the subjects exercised at a work rate corresponding to 80% VO2max up to exhaustion. Endurance time at this work rate was increased in precooling tests by 12% (18.5 vs. 20.8 min, p = 0.035). Heart rate was lower throughout the exercise period in precooling tests.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Body Temperature Regulation*
  • Body Temperature*
  • Cold Temperature
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Sweating