Between 1976 and 1983, 42 spinal cord injuries among ice hockey participants were documented in Canada; within a recent 3-week period, three cases involving fractured necks were reported in a metropolitan area of Minnesota. The purpose of this comprehensive epidemiological study was to document rates, types, and severities of injuries incurred among high school varsity hockey players in Minnesota, as a result of participation in the 1982-1983 season, and to determine the variables associated with these injuries. Within a 30-mile radius of the state's major metropolitan area, 12 high school varsity hockey teams were selected for participation. Specific techniques were used to ensure confidentiality, high response rates, and validation of information. Among the players an injury rate of 75 injuries per 100 players was documented. Head and neck injuries accounted for 22% of the total injuries. Increased risks of injury were associated with multiple health-care provision variables and equipment utilized. Potential strategies are identified as a result of these findings.