In the past few years, photo-luminescent inorganic materials have been studied extensively as fluorescent sensors, and diagnostic and bioimaging tools. The assessment of photoluminescence (PL) properties of selenium nanoparticles (Se NPs), especially mycosynthesized Se NPs, is still in its infancy. Herein, we have biosynthesized highly dispersed fluorescent Se NPs (42 nm) using endophytic fungus Fusarium oxysporum, and fully characterized them using sophisticated instruments like TEM, XRD, UV-Vis spectrophotometer, FTIR, and PL spectrometer. To determine the therapeutic efficacy and side effect profiles, these crystalline Se NPs were radiolabeled with technetium-99m (99mTc) and their biodistribution and renal clearance times were investigated in the normal Wister rat. The results showed that these Se NPs may be useful for targeting the lungs and liver dysfunction as significant accumulation of these NPs was observed in the liver (approx. 19.47 ± 4%) and lungs (at 6 ± 1%) after 10 min of post-injection. Quick circulation and the presence of Se NPs in kidney (3.8 ± 2%) also suggested the easy excretion of these NPs from the body through urinary tract. Furthermore, the antioxidant activity of Se NPs (IC50, 159.5 μg/mL) has been investigated using DPPH free radical scavenging assay with scavenging efficacy of 80.4% where ascorbic acid (IC50, 5.6 μg/mL) was used as a positive control. Additionally, the microscopic study of the inhibition zone encircled around Se NPs confirmed their strong antifungal and antisporulant activity against the black fungus Aspergillus niger.
Keywords: Antifungal; Aspergillus niger; Biodistribution; Fluorescent; Fusarium oxysporum; Selenium nanoparticles.
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