Process of Advance Care Planning in Nursing Home Settings: An Integrative Literature Review

Res Gerontol Nurs. 2022 Nov-Dec;15(6):312-320. doi: 10.3928/19404921-20220930-04. Epub 2022 Oct 10.

Abstract

Advance care planning (ACP) allows individuals to communicate their wishes for future medical care. ACP is particularly important among those diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) due to decline in cognition. In the nursing home setting, conducting ACP with residents with ADRD and their family caregivers is challenging. The purpose of the current integrative review was to: (a) examine the evidence on the process of conducting ACP with residents with ADRD and their family care-givers in nursing home settings, and (b) understand who conducts ACP and when and how ACP is being conducted with residents with ADRD and their family caregivers. Gaps were identified, such as lack of a systematic approach to addressing ACP in nursing homes, lack of clear roles in conducting ACP, family caregivers' and nursing home staff's lack of knowledge and skills to engage in ACP, and lack of diversity in study samples. To improve clinical practice, future studies should explore standardization of the ACP process in the nursing home setting. [Research in Gerontological Nursing, 15(6), 312-320.].

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Advance Care Planning*
  • Caregivers
  • Humans
  • Nursing Homes
  • Skilled Nursing Facilities