Myxoid Liposarcoma of the Vulva: A Rare Malignancy Mimicking Benign Vulvar Mass

Am J Case Rep. 2022 Oct 10:23:e937575. doi: 10.12659/AJCR.937575.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Liposarcoma of the vulva is an exceptionally rare malignant tumor. Clinically, vulvar liposarcoma often mimics benign lesions, thus misdiagnosis is common. Herein, we present a case of myxoid liposarcoma of the vulva. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of vulvar liposarcoma from Indonesia. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 39-year-old woman with left vulvar mass of 6 years duration that progressively increased in size. The patient reported having pressure and discomfort, especially during movement, but reported no pain. Lipoma was initially suspected. Surgical excision was performed and histopathological examination revealed a well-differentiated myxoid liposarcoma. The base and excised margins of the tumor were free of malignant cells. Post-operative course was uneventful and she was discharged in a satisfactory condition. The patient had been under regular follow-up and is currently symptom- and recurrence-free. We also review other cases of vulvar liposarcoma to further comprehend characteristics of this rare malignant tumor. CONCLUSIONS Liposarcoma of the vulva occurs very rarely, but clinicians and pathologists should always consider it as a differential diagnosis when presented with vulvar mass. Biopsy of a vulvar mass is crucial. Surgical excision remains the mainstay of treatment. Adjuvant radiotherapy may be considered in certain cases. Comprehensive follow-up for recurrences or metastasis is recommended throughout life.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipoma* / pathology
  • Liposarcoma*
  • Liposarcoma, Myxoid* / diagnosis
  • Liposarcoma, Myxoid* / pathology
  • Vulva / pathology
  • Vulvar Diseases*
  • Vulvar Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Vulvar Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Vulvar Neoplasms* / surgery