Double-layer focal plane microscopy for high throughput DNA sequencing

Opt Express. 2022 May 23;30(11):18496-18504. doi: 10.1364/OE.454100.


Throughput is one of the most important properties in DNA sequencing. We propose a novel double-layer focal plane microscopy that doubles the DNA sequencing throughput. Each fluorescence channel is divided into two tube lens channels by energy splitting, and the camera is adjusted to take images corresponding to different defocus positions of the objective, thus doubling the information capacity of the microscopy. The microscopy is applied to gene chip, which has high spatial frequency and good uniformity, so the simultaneous imaging of the two tubes has little influence on each other due to the spatial averaging effect. Experimental results show that the image signal to noise ratio (SNR) is reduced by 1%, while the sequencing throughput is doubled.

MeSH terms

  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing*
  • Microscopy*
  • Signal-To-Noise Ratio