[14C]Glucose release either from endogenous 14C-prelabelled glycogen or from added 14C-labelled glucose 6-phosphate was measured in filipin-treated, permeabilized hepatocytes in 48 h culture. [14C]Glucose output from prelabelled glycogen was not altered by the addition of 5 mM glucose 6-phosphate to the incubation medium. Conversely, [14C]glucose release from 5 mM labelled glucose 6-phosphate was not influenced by different glycogen concentrations in the cells. Moreover, in the permeabilized cells the anion transport inhibitor DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid) inhibited only the liberation of [14C]glucose from labelled glucose 6-phosphate but not from glycogen. It is therefore concluded that there exist at least 2 separate, mutually non-accessible glucose 6-phosphate pools in cultured rat hepatocytes, one linked to glycogenolysis and the other to gluconeogenesis.