Esophageal perforation associated with anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a rare but serious complication. ACDF-related esophageal perforations can be acute or delayed. Delayed perforations more than 10 years after ACDF are exceedingly rare. Here, a delayed esophageal perforation discovered 12 years after a three-level ACDF is presented. This case highlights two main points. First, all diverticula after an ACDF warrant close clinical monitoring. Second, routine follow-up should be performed for patients with screw pullout to assist in early diagnosis of delayed esophageal perforation.
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.