Purpose: To assess the effects of COVID-19 on hospitalizations for intracranial meningioma resection using a large database.
Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the California State Inpatient Database (SID) 2019 and 2020. All adult (18 years or older) hospitalizations were included for the analysis. The primary outcomes were trends in hospitalization for intracranial meningioma resection between 2019 and 2020. Secondary outcomes were Clavien-Dindo grade IV complications, in-hospital mortality, and prolonged length of stay, which was defined as length of stay ≥75 percentile.
Results: There were 3,173,333 and 2,866,161 hospitalizations in 2019 and 2020, respectively (relative decrease, 9.7%), of which 921 and 788 underwent intracranial meningioma resection (relative decrease, 14.4%). In 2020, there were 94,114 admissions for COVID-19 treatment. Logistic regression analysis showed that year in which intracranial meningioma resection was performed did not show significant association with Clavien-Dindo grade IV complications and in-hospital mortality (OR, 1.23, 95% CI: 0.78-1.94) and prolonged length of stay (OR, 1.05, 95% CI: 0.84-1.32).
Conclusion: Our findings show that neurosurgery practice in the US successfully adapted to the unforeseen challenges posed by COVD-19 and ensured the best quality of care to the patients.
Keywords: coronavirus; hospitalization; intracranial meningioma resection; morbidity; mortality.