The Roles of RUNX Proteins in Lymphocyte Function and Anti-Tumor Immunity

Cells. 2022 Oct 3;11(19):3116. doi: 10.3390/cells11193116.

Abstract

The Runt-related transcription factor (RUNX) family of proteins are crucial for many developmental and immuno-physiological processes. Their importance in cellular and tissue development has been repeatedly demonstrated as they are often found mutated and implicated in tumorigenesis. Most importantly, RUNX have now emerged as critical regulators of lymphocyte function against pathogenic infections and tumorigenic cells, the latter has now revolutionized our current understandings as to how RUNX proteins contribute to control tumor pathogenicity. These multifunctional roles of RUNX in mammalian immune responses and tissue homeostasis have led us to appreciate their value in controlling anti-tumor immune responses. Here, we summarize and discuss the role of RUNX in regulating the development and function of lymphocytes responding to foreign and tumorigenic threats and highlight their key roles in anti-tumor immunity.

Keywords: RUNX; immunity; lymphocyte; tumor.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Core Binding Factor alpha Subunits* / genetics
  • Core Binding Factor alpha Subunits* / metabolism
  • Immunity
  • Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • Mammals / metabolism
  • Neoplasms* / genetics
  • Transcription Factors

Substances

  • Core Binding Factor alpha Subunits
  • Transcription Factors

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.