Study on Long-Term Tracing of Fibroblasts on Three-Dimensional Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Based on Graphene Quantum Dots

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Sep 20;23(19):11040. doi: 10.3390/ijms231911040.


In order to find a convenient and stable way to trace human skin fibroblasts (HSFs) in three-dimensional tissue engineering scaffolds for a long time, in this experiment, Graphene Oxide Quantum Dots (GOQDs), Amino Graphene Quantum Dots (AGQDs) and Carboxyl Graphene Quantum Dots (CGQDs) were used as the material source for labeling HSFs. Exploring the possibility of using it as a long-term tracer of HSFs in three-dimensional tissue engineering scaffolds, the contents of the experiment are as follows: the HSFs were cultured in a cell-culture medium composed of three kinds of Graphene Quantum Dots for 24 h, respectively; (1) using Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8), Transwell migration chamber and Phalloidin-iFlior 488 to detect the effect of Graphene Quantum Dots on the biocompatibility of HSFs; (2) using a living cell workstation to detect the fluorescence labeling results of three kinds of Graphene Quantum Dots on HSFs, and testing the fluorescence attenuation of HSFs for 7 days; (3) the HSFs labeled with Graphene Quantum Dots were inoculated on the three-dimensional chitosan demethylcellulose sodium scaffold, and the living cell workstation was used to detect the spatial distribution of the HSFs on the three-dimensional scaffold through the fluorescence properties of the HSFs.. Experimental results: (1) the results of CCK8, Transwell migration, and FITC-Phalloidin cytoskeleton test showed that the three kinds of Graphene Quantum Dots had no effect on the biological properties of HSFs (p < 0.05); (2) the results of the fluorescence labeling experiment showed that only AGQDs could make HSFs fluorescent, and cells showed orange−red fluorescence; (3) the results of long-range tracing of HSFs which were labeled by with AGQDs showed that the fluorescence life of the HSFs were as long as 7 days; (4) The spatial distribution of HSFs can be detected on the three-dimensional scaffold based on their fluorescence properties, and the detection time can be up to 7 days.

Keywords: biocompatibility; fluorescence attenuation; fluorescence tracing; graphene quantum dots; human skin fibroblasts; tissue engineering.

MeSH terms

  • Chitosan*
  • Fibroblasts
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate
  • Graphite*
  • Humans
  • Phalloidine
  • Quantum Dots*
  • Sodium
  • Tissue Engineering


  • Phalloidine
  • Graphite
  • Chitosan
  • Sodium
  • Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate