Long-Term Results at 10 Years of Pouch Resizing for Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Failure

Nutrients. 2022 Sep 28;14(19):4035. doi: 10.3390/nu14194035.

Abstract

Background: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is currently one of the most performed bariatric procedures and it is associated with rapid weight loss. However, weight loss failure and weight regain after RYGB occurs in approximately 30% and 3-5% of patients, respectively, and represent a serious issue. RYGB pouch resizing is a surgical option that may be offered to selected patients with RYGB failure. The aim of this study is to assess long-term results of pouch resizing for RYGB failure.

Materials and methods: From February 2009 to November 2011, 20 consecutive patients underwent gastric pouch resizing for RYGB failure in our tertiary bariatric center. The primary outcome was the rate of failure (%EWL < 50% with at least one metabolic comorbidity) after at least 10 years from pouch resizing. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) was also assessed.

Results: Twenty patients (18 women (90%)) were included and seventeen (85%) joined the study. The failure rate of pouch resizing was 47%. Mean %EWL and mean BMI were 47%, and 35.1 kg/m2, respectively. Some of the persistent co-morbidities further improved or resolved after pouch resizing. Seven patients (41%) presented GERD requiring daily PPI with a significantly lower GERD-HQRL questionnaire score after pouch resizing (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Pouch resizing after RYGB results in a failure rate of 47% at the 10-year follow-up while the resolution of comorbidities is maintained over time despite a significant weight regain.

Keywords: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; gastric pouch resizing; weight loss failure; weight regain.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gastric Bypass* / methods
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux* / etiology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Obesity, Morbid* / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Weight Gain
  • Weight Loss

Grant support

This research received no external funding.