Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use among Athletes Worldwide: A Scoping Review

Nutrients. 2022 Oct 3;14(19):4109. doi: 10.3390/nu14194109.


Athletes represent a major part of dietary supplement users. This scoping review aims to explore the prevalence of dietary supplement use among athletes worldwide, most commonly used supplements, sources of information on dietary supplements and their reasons for use of these supplements. PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PsycInfo were searched for original research articles. Studies were included if they involved athletes, identified the prevalence of dietary supplement use, and were published after 2017. A total of 26 articles were reviewed. Prevalence of dietary supplement use varied among articles, but sex-based differences related to the types of used dietary supplements existed. Generally, the findings were consistent in terms of reasons for use and sources of information. Unfortunately, the lack of homogeneity regarding the definition of dietary supplements, definition of use, reporting timeframes, and data collection methods complicates the attempt to compare the findings among studies.

Keywords: athletes; dietary supplements; prevalence; reasons for use; sources of information; sports nutrition.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletes*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Humans
  • Prevalence

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.