LoRaWAN Performance Analysis for a Water Monitoring and Leakage Detection System in a Housing Complex

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Sep 22;22(19):7188. doi: 10.3390/s22197188.


The automation of water leakage detection and monitoring systems has recently been made possible by the Internet of Things (IoT). However, the high cost is an obstacle when applying a network over a large area. The Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN) was created specifically to address long-range IoT applications. The Long-Range Wide-Area Network (LoRaWAN) is one of the most common LPWANs. In this study, a method for monitoring and detecting water leakage in a housing complex was tested using LoRaWAN. Water leakage was detected using a low-pressure system model comprising a water meter, presser sensor, and smart valve within a LoRa node. This study investigates the use of LoRaWAN for water monitoring and leakage detection by implementing a comprehensive case study to identify LoRaWAN's feasibility, reliability, and scalability for water monitoring and leakage detection in simulated scenarios. The housing complex varied in size and number of nodes. The LoRaWAN was evaluated by the FloRa simulator package through the Objective Modular Network Testbed (OMNeT++) platform. The results indicated that it was an efficient means of water monitoring and leakage detection in housing complexes.

Keywords: FloRa; IoT; LPWAN; LoRaWAN; housing complex; leakage detection; water monitoring.

MeSH terms

  • Delivery of Health Care*
  • Housing*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Water


  • Water

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.