Exploring Tactile Stimuli from a Wrist-Worn Device to Manipulate Subjective Time Based on the Filled-Duration Illusion

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Sep 22;22(19):7194. doi: 10.3390/s22197194.


There are situations where manipulating subjective time would be desirable, such as reducing waiting time, and there are many studies to manipulate subjective time. However, it is not easy to use previous methods in various situations because most of them use visual and auditory information. This study proposes a method to manipulate the subjective time by the tactile stimuli from wrist-worn devices. We designed three types of tactile stimuli presentation methods that change the number, the duration, and the time interval of the stimuli. The evaluation result clarified the elements of the tactile stimuli that intentionally changed the subjective time and confirmed that our method can change the subjective time by about 23% (from -6% to +17%). Since few studies have focused on the phenomenon in which the subjective time changes depending on the tactile stimuli from information devices, our findings can contribute to designing information devices and user experiences.

Keywords: design implications; filled-duration illusion; information presentation; mind; mindless computer; perception of time passing; psychological effect; tactile stimulus; waiting time.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Illusions*
  • Time Perception*
  • Touch
  • Wrist
  • Wrist Joint