Characteristics of gastric cancer around the world

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2023 Jan;181:103841. doi: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2022.103841. Epub 2022 Oct 11.


Gastric cancer is one of the most important malignancies in the world due to the high burden of disease and lethality. In this work, we compared the main characteristics of gastric cancer between different regions of the world. We reviewed public repositories to retrieve epidemiological, molecular, clinicopathological, and risk factor data. Eastern Asia presents the highest incidence of gastric cancer, followed by eastern and central Europe. Intestinal histology was more frequent in Caucasians, while gastric tumors located in the cardias were less frequent in Africa and Latin America. TP53, LRP1B, and ARID1A are consistently the most frequently altered genes in all population groups. Gastric cancer is most frequent in men. African patients tend to be younger and have a higher proportion of women patients. Different patterns can be observed in the presentation of gastric cancer between different regions of the world. More research is needed in Latin America and Africa since these populations are underrepresented.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Gastric cancer; Histology; Mutation; Risk factors.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Africa
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Latin America / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / diagnosis
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / epidemiology
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / genetics