The relationship between organizational ethical climate and components of nursing error reporting in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020

J Nurs Manag. 2022 Oct;30(7):2291-2300. doi: 10.1111/jonm.13875. Epub 2022 Nov 1.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational ethical climate and components of nursing error reporting in selected hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2020.

Background: Error reporting is considered as a strategic indicator for error prevention.

Method: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study that was conducted on 336 samples who had been selected by stratified random sampling method. Data were analysed by SPSS-16 software, using descriptive and inferential statistics such as Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Results: The results of this study showed a significant and direct relationship between the organizational ethical climate and components of nursing error reporting (p < .05).

Conclusion: It is imperative for nursing managers in all management levels to remove barriers to nursing error reporting by using ethical climate strategies.

Implications for nursing management: It is difficult to obtain accurate statistics on medical errors and their causes in developing countries; therefore, nursing managers should provide the necessary conditions for formal, principled, and complete reporting of nursing errors for nurses without causing fear of punishmnet.

Keywords: clinical errors; ethical climate; nursing error reporting; nursing errors.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Hospitals*
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Medication Errors*
  • Organizational Culture
  • Surveys and Questionnaires