Valorization of potato peel waste: Recovery of p-hydroxy benzoic acid (antioxidant) through molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Oct 15. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-23547-y. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Solid waste management of the potato peels, generated during the processing of potatoes, can be done sustainably by adding value to the peel waste. Peels contains polyphenols, which serve as a defense mechanism against foreign pathogens in plants and have a variety of pharmacological properties such as antioxidant and anti-carcinogenic properties. However, specific segregation of any one polyphenol from waste can be challenging due to its complex matrix and low concentration of the targeted polyphenol. This work presents a way to combat this challenge through molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction (MISPE) using customized graphene oxide-based molecularly imprinted composite (GOMIP) as sorbent for the selective recovery of p-hydroxy benzoic acid (P-HA) (antioxidant used in food industries), from potato peels for the effective valorization of peels. Various parameters such as flow rate, vacuum manifold pressure, conditioning solvent, washing solvent, and elution solvent were optimized for effective segregation of targeted P-HA. The imprinting factor of 2.14, obtained using breakthrough curves for GOMIP and control (graphene oxide based non-imprinted composite-GONIP) sorbent under optimized condition, indicated the ability of the sorbent GOMIP to recover P-HA from the extract of potato peels. Reusability and selectivity studies were performed for GOMIP sorbent using the real sample [potato peels extract (PPE)]. 77.44% recovery for P-HA was exhibited by the GOMIP sorbent in the MISPE cartridge as determined using HPLC. MISPE with customized GOMIP sorbent can be a sustainable approach to valorize the potato peel solid waste.

Keywords: Antioxidant; Molecularly imprinted solid-phase extraction; Polyphenols; Potato peel waste; Valorization.