Objective: To report 15 years of experience with metabolic tumor volume (MTV) of liver metastases from the preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT to predict long-term survival after liver transplantation (LT) for unresectable colorectal liver metastases (CRLM).
Methods: The preoperative 18F-FDG PET/CT from all SECA 1 and 2 patients was evaluated. MTV was obtained from all liver metastases. The patients were divided into one group with low MTV (< 70 cm3) and one group with high MTV (> 70 cm3) based on a receiver operating characteristic analysis. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and post recurrence survival (PRS) for patients with low versus high MTV were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and log rank test. Clinopathological features between the two groups were compared by a nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test for continuous and Fishers exact test for categorical data.
Results: At total of 40 patients were included. Patients with low MTV had significantly longer OS (p < 0.001), DFS (p < 0.001) and PRS (p = 0.006) compared to patients with high values. The patients with high MTV had higher CEA levels, number of liver metastases, size of the largest liver metastasis, N-stage, number of chemotherapy lines and more frequently progression of disease at LT compared to the patients with low MTV.
Conclusion: MTV of liver metastases is highly predictive of long-term OS, DFS and PRS after LT for unresectable CRLM and should be implemented in risk stratification prior to LT.
Keywords: 18F-FDG PET/CT; Colorectal cancer; Liver metastases; Liver transplantation; Metabolic tumor volume.
© 2022. The Author(s).