Barriers and facilitators on the HIV care continuum among adults living with HIV in high-income countries: a scoping review protocol

Syst Rev. 2022 Oct 15;11(1):222. doi: 10.1186/s13643-022-02097-x.


Background: As the life expectancy of people living with HIV increases with the advancements in antiretroviral treatment, the continuity of long-term therapy and health care for people living with HIV has gained more importance. However, the estimated proportion of people living with HIV who have access to treatment or are virally suppressed is unsatisfactory. Therefore, it is necessary to build strategies to improve treatment continuity by identifying the barriers and facilitators that affect the HIV care continuum. To enable this, we will conduct a scoping review to explore the barriers and facilitators related to the care continuum in high-income countries for adults living with HIV.

Methods: The review question will be identified based on the JBI guidelines for the development of scoping review protocols. Studies exploring the barriers to and facilitators of the HIV care continuum among adults living with HIV in high-income countries will be included in this review. A literature search will be conducted on the databases (platform) of MEDLINE (Ovid), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (EBSCO), Embase (Ovid), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library). Four researchers will screen articles for inclusion and subsequently build a charting form and collate the data to provide results.

Discussion: The results of this scoping review will provide comprehensive evidence for the barriers and facilitators to be considered in the care continuum of people living with HIV. Importantly, the results will provide insight for healthcare providers and researchers to develop interventions and research the continuity in caring for people living with HIV.

Keywords: Barriers and facilitators; Care continuum; HIV; Scoping review.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Continuity of Patient Care
  • Delivery of Health Care
  • Developed Countries
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • Humans
  • Income*
  • Review Literature as Topic