Introduction: Crizotinib provided meaningful clinical benefit in the initial analysis of a phase 2 study in East Asian patients with advanced ROS1-positive NSCLC (NCT01945021). Nevertheless, overall survival (OS) data were immature. Here, we present the final OS, quality of life (QoL), and safety data after an additional 3 years of follow-up.
Methods: In this phase 2, open-label, single-arm trial, East Asian patients with ROS1-positive advanced NSCLC who had received less than or equal to three systemic therapies previously were treated with crizotinib 250 mg twice daily on a continuous daily dosing schedule in 28-day cycles. The OS (secondary end point) was analyzed for the total population, by country, and by number of previous chemotherapy regimens. QoL and safety were also evaluated.
Results: With a median duration of follow-up of 56.1 months, the median OS was 44.2 months (95% confidence interval: 32.0-not reached) for the total population (N = 127). Differences in median OS were observed among individual countries and with number of previous regimens. The improvement in QoL found in the previous analysis was maintained with the extended follow-up. Treatment-related adverse events led to crizotinib dose reductions or permanent treatment discontinuations in 17.3% and 2.4%, respectively, of the patients.
Conclusions: This is the largest trial of an ALK/ROS1 inhibitor to treat patients with ROS1-positive advanced NSCLC and provides a new benchmark for OS in East Asian patients. The QoL and safety profile with long-term follow-up were consistent with previous reports and support the continued use of crizotinib in the treatment of patients with ROS1-positive advanced NSCLC.
Keywords: Asia; Crizotinib; NSCLC; Phase 2; ROS1.
© 2022 The Authors.