Lichen Simplex Chronicus Itch: An Update

Acta Derm Venereol. 2022 Oct 19:102:adv00796. doi: 10.2340/actadv.v102.4367.


Lichen simplex chronicus is a form of chronic localized pruritus with a secondary dermatitis, and one of the most common types of chronic itch conditions, estimated to affect more than 10% of the general population. However, despite its prevalence and burden, there has been limited research into the pathogenesis and aetiology of lichen simplex chronicus, which, historically, made it a challenging condition to treat. In recent years, our understanding of this condition, along with that of pruritus and the itch-scratch cycle, has increased greatly, enabling a substantial increase in treatment options. In addition, there are several new promising treatments currently in development and trials. This article discusses the definition, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, pathophysiology, and current therapeutic options for lichen simplex chronicus, in order to highlight recent advancements in this field.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neurodermatitis* / diagnosis
  • Neurodermatitis* / epidemiology
  • Neurodermatitis* / therapy
  • Pruritus / diagnosis
  • Pruritus / epidemiology
  • Pruritus / etiology