On-site colorimetric detection of Salmonella typhimurium

NPJ Sci Food. 2022 Oct 17;6(1):48. doi: 10.1038/s41538-022-00164-0.


Rapid qualitative and quantitative detection of Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) takes an important role in ensuring food safety. Herein, a colorimetric assay aptasensor for S. typhimurium utilizing intrinsic peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles embedded spherical covalent organic framework and the affinity and specificity of S. typhimurium-aptamer has been explored. This aptasensor can capture the S. typhimurium via the selective binding effect of aptamer, and the catalytically active sites were shielded. As a result, the colorimetric signals of the 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine-H2O2 system were turned off. Under optimum conditions, the aptasensor gave a linear response over the range of 10 to 107 CFU/mL for S. typhimurium. The detection limit of 7 CFU/mL was obtained within 45 min and was effectively applied to detect S. typhimurium in milk and lake water samples with recoveries in the range from 96.4 to 101.0%. More importantly, combined with a self-developed smartphone-based image analysis system, the proposed aptasensor can be used for point-of-care testing applications.