Validation of a data collection set for the psychiatric, addiction, sleep and chronobiological assessments of patients with depression: A Delphi study for the SoPsy-depression French national cohort

Encephale. 2023 Apr;49(2):117-123. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2022.07.004. Epub 2022 Oct 17.


Objectives: Despite international efforts to identify biomarkers of depression, none has been transferred to clinical practice, neither for diagnosis, evolution, nor therapeutic response. This led us to build a French national cohort (through the clinical and research network named SoPsy within the French biological psychiatry society (AFPBN) and sleep society (SFRMS)), to better identify markers of sleep and biological rhythms and validate more homogeneous subgroups of patients, but also to specify the manifestations and pathogeneses of depressive disorders. Before inclusions, we sought to provide a predefined, standardized, and robust set of data to be collected in all centers.

Methods: A Delphi process was performed to achieve consensus through the independent rating of invited experts, the SoPsy-depression co-investigators (n=34). The initial set open for vote included 94 questionnaires targeting adult and child psychiatry, sleep and addiction.

Results: Two questionnaire rounds were completed with 94% participation in the first round and 100% participation in the second round. The results of the Delphi survey incorporated the consensus opinion of the 32 members who completed both rounds. Nineteen of the 94 questionnaires achieved consensus at the first round and seventy of 75 at the second round. The five remaining questionnaires were submitted to three experts involved in the steering committee during a dedicated meeting. At the end, 24 questionnaires were retained in the mandatory and 26 in the optional questionnaire set.

Conclusions: A validated data collection set of questionnaires is now available to assess psychiatry, addiction, sleep and chronobiology dimensions of depressive disorders.

Keywords: Biomarkers; Biomarqueurs; Bipolar disorders; Circadian rhythms; Depression; Depressive disorders; Dépression; Rythmes circadiens; Sleep; Sommeil; Troubles bipolaires; Troubles dépressifs.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Delphi Technique
  • Depression*
  • Humans
  • Sleep*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires