Examining the Awareness, Acceptability, and Adoption of Conventional and non-conventional Forms of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV Prevention Among jail-involved Black Sexual Minority men (BSMM) and Black Transgender Women (BTW) in Two Diverse US Cities

AIDS Behav. 2023 Apr;27(4):1304-1313. doi: 10.1007/s10461-022-03866-4. Epub 2022 Oct 20.


Black sexual minority men (BSMM) and Black transgender women (BTW) are disproportionately impacted by HIV and incarceration in the United States. In-depth interviews (N=34) and ongoing thematic analysis guided by the Exploration Phase of the Exploration, Preparation, Implementation, Sustainment framework were conducted to uncover key themes focused on the awareness, acceptability, and early adoption of conventional (i.e., daily oral pill) and non-conventional forms of PrEP (i.e., long-acting injectable, e-prescription for pick up post release) among jail-involved BSMM and BTW in Chicago, Illinois and Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The majority of participants were cisgender BSMM (88%) and were enrolled in Chicago (65%). There was greater awareness, availability, and adoption of conventional PrEP and non-conventional PrEP e-prescription for pick up post release among Chicago participants compared with Baton Rouge participants. Participants were largely receptive to all three forms of PrEP and stated a high need for HIV prevention in jails and immediately following release. PrEP stigma emerged as a major barrier to conventional daily PrEP adoption while incarcerated; potential misuse (e.g., pill selling) as a potential barrier to PrEP eprescription; and needle aversion and added clinic time as potential barriers to longacting injectable (LAI)-PrEP. Participants indicated that PrEP e-prescription could help support continuity of care post release and highlighted reduced stigma, convenience, and longer-term HIV protection as benefits for LAI-PrEP. Study findings provided context-specific information to inform the implementation of future PrEP interventions for jail-involved BSMM and BTW in two highly HIV-impacted jurisdictions.

Keywords: Black gay men; Black transgender women; PrEP; jails.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Cities
  • Female
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Jails
  • Male
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis*
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Transgender Persons*
  • United States / epidemiology


  • Anti-HIV Agents