Dalbavancin During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Surg Technol Int. 2022 Oct 20:41:sti41/1588. doi: 10.52198/22.STI.41.WH1588. Online ahead of print.


The COVID-19 pandemic, which started in March of 2020, and its associated surges have had an immense impact on the ability of medical staff to perform their daily activities. Thus, we sought to direct patients who had gram-positive Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections (ABSSSI) to our Outpatient Department/Wound Care Center for treatment. We met the challenge of the pandemic by shifting care in the treatment of ABSSSI using a new antibiotic delivery system. We examined the use and cost-effectiveness of Dalbavancin, a unique long-acting lipoglycopeptide antibiotic that is used in the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections, during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 631 patients were treated in the Outpatient Department/Wound Care Center, with re-evaluation at the Wound Care Center on Day 3 post-infusion. The primary test of cure or major improvement was based on a 4- to 6-week re-assessment by the Wound Care Center Faculty (i.e., Podiatric, Vascular, Plastics, and Infectious Diseases). Treatment effectiveness was determined by examining documentation at follow-up. We also looked at the number of Outpatient Department treatments at the Wound Care Center for the periods 2018-2019 and 2020-2021. The shift of patients from the Emergency Department/Inpatient Department to the Outpatient Department/Wound Care Center was made possible by the use of the novel, streamlined, safe, Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved, well-tolerated antibiotic Dalbavancin. Dalbavancin is not prescribed for gram-negative infections, or for random prescribing, contamination, colonization, or prophylaxis. Dalbavancin has a low infusion reaction, low toxicity, long half-life, and low incidence of adverse reactions. Use of this medication was helpful for decreasing the inpatient burden in our facility.