Breast abscess in two Nepalese newborns: An unusual series

Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Sep 22:82:104774. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.104774. eCollection 2022 Oct.


Background: Breast abscess in newborns is an exceedingly rare pyogenic inflammation that usually starts as mastitis neonatorum. Although mastitis can respond to antibiotic therapy in the initial stages, once advanced into a purulent collection, decompression may be indicated either in the form of needle aspiration or even surgical drainage. We present two newborns with breast abscesses managed surgically with successful outcomes.

Case presentation: Case 1: A 13-day-old boy presented with swelling and redness over the left breast for a day. Local examination revealed a warm, indurated swelling with redness and fluctuation. Needle aspiration confirmed pus. Intravenous (IV) antibiotics were started right away followed by pus drainage, the culture of which yielded Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Regular wound care subsequently resulted in complete recovery.Case 2: A 15-day-old boy presented with swelling, redness and milky discharge from the right breast for two days. The swelling was erythematous, tender and indurated but not cystic or fluctuant. Ultrasonogram was suggestive of an abscess. Once again, IV antibiotics were administered followed by drainage. Pus yielded MSSA. Following regular wound dressings, satisfactory healing was achieved.

Conclusion: Neonatal mastitis and breast abscess are uncommon. Early recognition followed by appropriate antibiotic therapy and drainage of the abscess is the mainstay of treatment.

Keywords: Breast abscess; Case series; Mastitis; Neonate; Suppurative mastitis.