Effects of long-term resveratrol treatment in hypothalamic astrocyte cultures from aged rats

Mol Cell Biochem. 2023 Jun;478(6):1205-1216. doi: 10.1007/s11010-022-04585-z. Epub 2022 Oct 22.


Aging is intrinsically related to metabolic changes and characterized by the accumulation of oxidative and inflammatory damage, as well as alterations in gene expression and activity of several signaling pathways, which in turn impact on homeostatic responses of the body. Hypothalamus is a brain region most related to these responses, and increasing evidence has highlighted a critical role of astrocytes in hypothalamic homeostatic functions, particularly during aging process. The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of a chronic treatment with resveratrol (1 µM during 15 days, which was replaced once every 3 days), a recognized anti-inflammatory and antioxidant molecule, in primary hypothalamic astrocyte cultures obtained from aged rats (24 months old). We observed that aging process changes metabolic, oxidative, inflammatory, and senescence parameters, as well as glial markers, while long-term resveratrol treatment prevented these effects. In addition, resveratrol upregulated key signaling pathways associated with cellular homeostasis, including adenosine receptors, nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf2), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). Our data corroborate the glioprotective effect of resveratrol in aged hypothalamic astrocytes, reinforcing the beneficial role of resveratrol in the aging process.

Keywords: Aging; Glioprotection; Hypothalamic astrocytes; Resveratrol.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astrocytes* / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Hypothalamus / metabolism
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha / metabolism
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha / pharmacology
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases* / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Resveratrol / pharmacology
  • Sirtuin 1 / metabolism


  • Resveratrol
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
  • Sirtuin 1
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha