Background: Clinical factors favouring coronary angiography (CA) selection and variables associated with in-hospital mortality among patients presenting with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) without ST-segment elevation (STE) remain unclear.
Methods: We evaluated clinical characteristics associated with CA selection and in-hospital mortality in patients with OHCA, shockable rhythm and no STE.
Results: Between 2014 and 2018, 118 patients with OHCA and shockable rhythm without STE (mean age 59; males 75%) were stratified by whether CA was performed. Of 86 (73%) patients undergoing CA, 30 (35%) received percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). CA patients had shorter return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) time (17 vs. 25 min) and were more frequently between 50 and 60 years (29% vs. 6.5%), with initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score >8 (24% vs. 6%) (all p < 0.05). In-hospital mortality was 33% (n = 39) for overall cohort (CA 27% vs. no-CA 50%, p = 0.02). Compared to late CA, early CA ( ≤ 2 h) was not associated with lower in-hospital mortality (32% vs. 34%, p = 0.82). Predictors of in-hospital mortality included longer defibrillation time (odds ratio 3.07, 95% confidence interval 1.44-6.53 per 5-min increase), lower pH (2.02, 1.33-3.09 per 0.1 decrease), hypoalbuminemia (2.02, 1.03-3.95 per 5 g/L decrease), and baseline renal dysfunction (1.33, 1.02-1.72 per 10 ml/min/1.73 m2 decrease), while PCI to lesion (0.11, 0.01-0.79) and bystander defibrillation (0.06, 0.004-0.80) were protective factors (all p < 0.05).
Conclusions: Among patients with OHCA and shockable rhythm without STE, younger age, shorter time to ROSC and GCS >8 were associated with CA selection, while less effective resuscitation, greater burden of comorbidities and absence of treatable coronary lesion were key adverse prognostic predictors.
Keywords: coronary angiography; out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; outcomes.
© 2022 The Authors. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.