Hand port-site infection after hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy for living-donor kidney transplantation: a retrospective cohort study

PeerJ. 2022 Oct 17:10:e14215. doi: 10.7717/peerj.14215. eCollection 2022.


Background: Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) is widely performed to minimize burden on living kidney donors. However, hand port-site infections after HALDN may occur. This study aimed to assess the impact of donor characteristics including preoperative comorbidities and operative factors on hand port-site infection after HALDN.

Methods: In this single-center, retrospective cohort study, 1,260 consecutive HALDNs for living-donor kidney transplantation performed between January 2008 and December 2021 were evaluated. All living donors met the living kidney donor guidelines in Japan. Hand port-site infections were identified in 88 HALDN cases (7.0%). To investigate risk factors for hand port-site infection, donor characteristics including preoperative comorbidities such as hypertension, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia, obesity, and operative factors such as operative duration, blood loss, preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, and prophylactic subcutaneous suction drain placement at the hand port-site were analyzed using logistic regression analysis.

Results: In the multivariate analysis, significant differences were identified regarding sex (P = 0.021; odds ratio [OR], 1.971; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.108-3.507), preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis (P < 0.001; OR, 0.037; 95% CI [0.011-0.127]), and prophylactic subcutaneous suction drain placement at the hand port-site (P = 0.041; OR, 2.005; 95% CI [1.029-3.907]). However, a significant difference was not identified regarding glucose intolerance (P = 0.572; OR, 1.148; 95% CI [0.711-1.856]). Preoperative comorbidities may not cause hand port-site infections within the donors who meet the living kidney donor guidelines. Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis is crucial in preventing hand port-site infection, whereas prophylactic subcutaneous suction drain placement may increase the risk of hand port-site infection.

Keywords: Glucose intolerance; Hand port-site infection; Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy; Kidney transplantation; Living kidney donor; Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis; Preoperative comorbidities; Rophylactic subcutaneous suction drain placement; Smoking history.

MeSH terms

  • Glucose Intolerance* / etiology
  • Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation* / adverse effects
  • Living Donors
  • Nephrectomy / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies

Associated data

  • figshare/10.6084/m9.figshare.20055269

Grants and funding

The authors received no funding for this work.