The plant-specific DDR factor SOG1 increases chromatin mobility in response to DNA damage

EMBO Rep. 2022 Dec 6;23(12):e54736. doi: 10.15252/embr.202254736. Epub 2022 Oct 24.

Abstract

Homologous recombination (HR) is a conservative DNA repair pathway in which intact homologous sequences are used as a template for repair. How the homology search happens in the crowded space of the cell nucleus is, however, still poorly understood. Here, we measure chromosome and double-strand break (DSB) site mobility in Arabidopsis thaliana, using lacO/LacI lines and two GFP-tagged HR reporters. We observe an increase in chromatin mobility upon the induction of DNA damage, specifically at the S/G2 phases of the cell cycle. This increase in mobility is lost in the sog1-1 mutant, a central transcription factor of the DNA damage response in plants. Also, DSB sites show particularly high mobility levels and their enhanced mobility requires the HR factor RAD54. Our data suggest that repair mechanisms promote chromatin mobility upon DNA damage, implying a role of this process in the early steps of the DNA damage response.

Keywords: Arabidopsis; DNA damage; DSBs; SOG1; chromatin mobility.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatin* / genetics
  • DNA Damage*

Substances

  • Chromatin