Racial Distribution of Neighborhood-Level Social Deprivation in a Retrospective Cohort of Prostate Cancer Survivors

Diseases. 2022 Oct 3;10(4):75. doi: 10.3390/diseases10040075.


Background: A better understanding of neighborhood-level factors’ contribution is needed in order to increase the precision of cancer control interventions that target geographic determinants of cancer health disparities. This study characterized the distribution of neighborhood deprivation in a racially diverse cohort of prostate cancer survivors. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 253 prostate cancer patients who were treated with radical prostatectomy from 2011 to 2019 was established at the Medical University of South Carolina. Individual-level data on clinical variables (e.g., stage, grade) and race were abstracted. Social Deprivation Index (SDI) and Healthcare Professional Shortage (HPS) status was obtained from the Robert Graham Center and assigned to participants based on their residential census tract. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression. Results: The cohort of 253 men consisted of 168 white, 81 African American, 1 Hispanic and 3 multiracial men. Approximately 49% of 249 men lived in areas with high SDI (e.g., SDI score of 48 to 98). The mean for SDI was 44.5 (+27.4), and the range was 97 (1−98) for all study participants. African American men had a significantly greater likelihood of living in a socially deprived neighborhood compared to white men (OR = 3.7, 95% C.I. 2.1−6.7, p < 0.01), while men who lived in areas with higher HPS shortage status were significantly more likely to live in a neighborhood that had high SDI compared to men who lived in areas with lower HPS shortages (OR = 4.7, 95% C.I. = 2.1−10.7, p < 0.01). African Americans had a higher likelihood of developing biochemical reoccurrence (OR = 3.7, 95% C.I. = 1.7−8.0) compared with white men. There were no significant association between SDI and clinical characteristics of prostate cancer. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that SDI varies considerably by race among men with prostate cancer treated with radical prostatectomy. Using SDI to understand the social environment could be -particularly useful as part of precision medicine and precision public health approaches and could be used by cancer centers, public health providers, and other health care specialists to inform operational decisions about how to target health promotion and disease prevention efforts in catchment areas and patient populations.

Keywords: Keywords: prostate cancer; Social Deprivation Index; racial disparity.