Short-term Outcomes of Hypertensive Crises in Patients with Orthostatic Hypotension

Curr Probl Cardiol. 2023 Feb;48(2):101455. doi: 10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101455. Epub 2022 Oct 22.

Abstract

Supine hypertension-orthostatic hypotension disease poses a management challenge to clinicians. Data on short term outcomes of patients with orthostatic hypotension (OH) who are hospitalized with hypertensive (HTN) crises is lacking. The Nationwide Readmission Database 2016-2019 was queried for all hospitalizations of HTN crises. Hospitalizations were stratified according to whether OH was present or not. We employed propensity score to match hospitalizations for patients with OH to those without, at 1:1 ratio. Outcomes evaluated were 30-days readmission with HTN crises or falls, as well as hospital outcomes of in-hospital mortality, acute kidney injury, acute congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, type 2 myocardial infarction, aortic dissection, stroke, length of stay (LOS), discharge to nursing home and hospitalization costs. We included a total of 9451 hospitalization (4735 in the OH group vs 4716 in the control group). OH group was more likely to be readmitted with falls (Odds ratio [OR]:3.27, P < 0.01) but not with HTN crises (P = 0.05). Both groups had similar likelihood of developing acute kidney injury (P = 0.08), stroke/transient ischemic attack (P = 0.52), and aortic dissection (P = 0.66). Alternatively, OH group were less likely to develop acute heart failure (OR:0.54, P < 0.01) or acute coronary syndrome (OR:0.39, P < 0.01) in the setting of HTN crises than non-OH group. OH group were more likely to have longer LOS and have higher hospitalization costs. Patients with OH who are admitted with HTN crises tend to have similar or lower HTN-related complications to non-OH group while having higher likelihood of readmission with falls, LOS and hospitalization costs. Further studies are needed to confirm such findings.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Coronary Syndrome* / complications
  • Aortic Dissection*
  • Heart Failure* / complications
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic* / complications
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic* / epidemiology
  • Hypotension, Orthostatic* / therapy
  • Stroke*