Clinical characteristics and survival outcomes in patients with ovarian strumal carcinoid

BMC Cancer. 2022 Oct 24;22(1):1090. doi: 10.1186/s12885-022-10167-5.


Background: Ovarian strumal carcinoid is an extremely rare ovarian malignant tumor with limited data on clinical characteristics and survival outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective study of 119 patients was conducted, including 98 cases identified from literature review, and their clinical characteristics were investigated. The overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and potential prognostic factors of these patients were also evaluated.

Results: Lesions of 115 cases were confined to the ovarian while four patients presented with extra-ovarian disease upon initial diagnosis. Surgical treatment options performed in this cohort varied, 5.0% received ovarian cystectomy, 36.1% received unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (USO), 7.6% received bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO), 42.0% received hysterectomy with BSO, and 8.4% underwent debulking surgery. Moreover, one patient did not undergo any surgery. No postoperative adjuvant therapy was administered in 89.9% patients, while 7.6% and 2.5% received adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy, of which two patients received combined radiation and chemotherapy. At the final follow-up, 89.1% patients showed no evidence of the disease, and 5.0% were alive with the disease. Only seven deaths occurred, with two attributed to the tumor. The 5-year, 10-year, and 20-year OS rates were 96.0%, 85.0%, and 85.0%, respectively, with a 15-year recurrence rate of 4.4%. The 5-year and 20-year DSS rate were 98.5% and 95.9%. Multivariate Cox regression showed age ≥ 55 years was the only risk factor associated with the OS (P = 0.014, OR 7.988; 95% CI 1.519 - 42.004). However, the univariate and multivariate Cox regression showed no potential risk factor for RFS and DSS.

Conclusion: Patients with ovarian strumal carcinoid have an excellent prognosis irrespective of the surgical option. Conservative surgery especially USO with individualized adjuvant therapy is recommended.

Keywords: Clinical characteristics; Ovarian carcinoid; Strumal carcinoid; Survival outcomes; Treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoid Tumor* / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms* / pathology
  • Ovariectomy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Struma Ovarii*