Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction caused by a congenital accessory mitral valve leaflet and treated by open-heart surgery in a young dog

J Small Anim Pract. 2023 Mar;64(3):168-172. doi: 10.1111/jsap.13571. Epub 2022 Oct 25.


A 3-month-old Shetland sheepdog presented with a loud ejection murmur and exercise intolerance. Echocardiography revealed an accessory mitral valve leaflet, characterised by a valve-like structure separate from the mitral valve seen in the subaortic region of the ventricular septum. The left ventricular outflow tract was partially obstructed with a pressure gradient of 12 mmHg. Accessory mitral valve leaflet resection and mitral valvuloplasty were performed during open-heart surgery. Histology performed on the membrane-like structures were indicative of fibrous connective tissues. Postoperative echocardiography confirmed removal of the valve-like structure with resolution of the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. The pressure gradient was decreased to 4.6 mmHg. The dog was in good condition and no further treatment was required 5 months after surgery. Both cardiac troponin I and NT-proBNP were markedly decreased. In this dog, surgical resection combined with mitral valve plasty resolved the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and the clinical signs.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures* / adverse effects
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures* / veterinary
  • Dog Diseases*
  • Dogs
  • Echocardiography
  • Mitral Valve / abnormalities
  • Mitral Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve / surgery
  • Ventricular Outflow Obstruction* / diagnosis
  • Ventricular Outflow Obstruction* / etiology
  • Ventricular Outflow Obstruction* / surgery
  • Ventricular Outflow Obstruction* / veterinary
  • Ventricular Outflow Obstruction, Left* / veterinary