Investigation of an outbreak caused by an unknown infectious pathogen in rural Zola

Pan Afr Med J. 2021 Dec 16;40(Suppl 2):5. doi: 10.11604/pamj.supp.2021.40.2.30990. eCollection 2021.


This case study was written as part of a fellowship in biosafety and biosecurity organised by the German Biosecurity Programme, namely the Global Partnership Initiated Biosecurity Academia for Controlling Health Threats (GIBACHT). Among other objectives, the fellowship focuses on equipping participants with the skills of developing their own country-specific case studies with focus on biosafety- and biosecurity-related scenarios. Upon completion of the underlying case study, participants should be able to identify some existing gaps with regards to early detection and investigation of outbreaks, describe the key steps in outbreak investigation, explain the role of communication and coordination among the various stakeholders in outbreak investigations and analyse epidemiological data obtained during outbreak investigations. They should also be able to suggest appropriate control and prevention measures for specific disease outbreaks with focus on foodborne outbreaks and to distinguish between biosafety and biosecurity concepts.

Keywords: Case study; biosafety; biosecurity; communication; epidemiology; outbreak investigation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Containment of Biohazards*
  • Disease Outbreaks* / prevention & control
  • Global Health
  • Humans
  • Rural Population