Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis that can cause coronary artery inflammation and aneurysm formation leading to early obstructive disease. We describe the use of PK Papyrus covered stents (Biotronic, Inc.) in three pediatric patients to exclude coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) from the circulation and relieve aneurysm associated stenoses. Follow-up angiography at 11-17 months postprocedure demonstrated persistent exclusion of CAA and varying degrees of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Two patients required percutaneous coronary intervention with drug eluting stent (DES) implantation to relieve in-stent stenosis. Our findings suggest that CAA exclusion with the PK Papyrus stent is possible and may be a valuable tool in simultaneously treating stenotic and thrombogenic CAA in pediatric KD patients. ISR of these non-DES remains an issue and may require additional interventions within the short-term to maintain vessel patency.
Keywords: Kawasaki disease; Papyrus covered stent; covered coronary stent; giant coronary artery aneurysm; percutaneous coronary intervention.
© 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.