Subacute intracranial hemorrhage: contribution of spin density to appearance on spin-echo MR images

Radiology. 1987 Oct;165(1):199-202. doi: 10.1148/radiology.165.1.3628771.


The T2 and pseudodensity (proportional to proton density) of intracranial hemorrhages and normal white matter were calculated. The mean T2 (+/- standard deviation) was 120 +/- 62 for hemorrhage and 61 +/- 11 for white matter. Pseudodensity values were normalized to a white matter value of 1, and the value for hemorrhage was 1.56 +/- 0.28. These values were used to determine which components of hemorrhage-white matter contrast are due to T1, T2, and density. The results indicate that on spin-echo (SE) images obtained with a long repetition time (TR)/short echo time (TE) (2,500/0-20 [TR msec/TE msec]), the contrast is mainly due to density differences, with a modest T2 contribution on 20-msec-TE images and nearly no T1 component. At 600/0-20, the contrast continues to be largely determined by density differences, again with a modest T2 component on 20-msec-TE images. If the T1 of hemorrhage is extremely short, the T1 component of contrast on 600/0-20 SE images will be somewhat greater than the density component. Because contrast on short TR/short TE images may be largely or entirely determined by pseudodensity or T2, it is inaccurate to refer to 600/20 images as "T1-weighted". The assumption that high signal intensity at this sequence implies a "short T1" will lead to misleading conclusions.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / pathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy* / methods
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time Factors