Silver Carp ( Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) (Asian Silver Carp) Presence in Danube Delta and Romania-A Review with Data on Natural Reproduction

Life (Basel). 2022 Oct 12;12(10):1582. doi: 10.3390/life12101582.


The Danube River has a large hydrographical basin, being the second largest river in Europe. The main channel flows through seven European countries with many species of fish inhabiting it. In this review we focused on the invasive species silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix), which plays an important ecological and economic role in its original habitat, but since introduced in Europe's rivers, the species has posed a serious ecological risk under global warming. In this review paper, we gathered data regarding silver carp, such as when and how it entered the Danube Delta and the water temperature suitable for its growth and reproduction, mainly in the context of global warming, as well as the nature of nutrition and the ecological risk the species poses.

Keywords: Asian carp; Danube Delta; Hypophthalmichthys molitrix; global warming; invasive species; reproduction; silver carp.

Publication types

  • Review