The Promises, Challenges, and Opportunities of Omics for Studying the Plant Holobiont

Microorganisms. 2022 Oct 12;10(10):2013. doi: 10.3390/microorganisms10102013.


Microorganisms are critical drivers of biological processes that contribute significantly to plant sustainability and productivity. In recent years, emerging research on plant holobiont theory and microbial invasion ecology has radically transformed how we study plant-microbe interactions. Over the last few years, we have witnessed an accelerating pace of advancements and breadth of questions answered using omic technologies. Herein, we discuss how current state-of-the-art genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics techniques reliably transcend the task of studying plant-microbe interactions while acknowledging existing limitations impeding our understanding of plant holobionts.

Keywords: genomics; metabolomics; plant holobiont; plant–microbe interaction; proteomics; transcriptomics.