Implementation and Cross-Validation of a Pharmacokinetic Model for Precision Dosing of Busulfan in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplanted Children

Pharmaceutics. 2022 Oct 1;14(10):2107. doi: 10.3390/pharmaceutics14102107.


Busulfan, a drug used in conditioning prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in children, has a narrow therapeutic margin. The model-informed precision dosing (MIPD) of busulfan is desirable, but there is a lack of validated tools. The objective of this study was to implement and cross-validate a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model in the Tucuxi software for busulfan MIPD in HSCT children. A search of the literature was performed to identify candidate population PK models. The goodness of fit of three selected models was assessed in a dataset of 178 children by computing the mean error (ME) and root-mean-squared error of prediction (RMSE). The best model was implemented in Tucuxi. The individual predicted concentrations, the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), and dosage requirements were compared between the Tucuxi model and a reference model available in the BestDose software in a subset of 61 children. The model from Paci et al. best fitted the data in the full dataset. In a subset of 61 patients, the predictive performance of Tucuxi and BestDose models was comparable with ME values of 6.4% and -2.5% and RMSE values of 11.4% and 13.6%, respectively. The agreement between the estimated AUC and the predicted dose was good, with 6.6% and 4.9% of the values being out of the 95% limits of agreement, respectively. To conclude, a PK model for busulfan MIPD was cross-validated and is now available in the Tucuxi software.

Keywords: busulfan; hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; model-informed precision dosing; oncology; pediatrics; population pharmacokinetics; therapeutic drug monitoring.

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.