Deep-E Enhanced Photoacoustic Tomography Using Three-Dimensional Reconstruction for High-Quality Vascular Imaging

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Oct 12;22(20):7725. doi: 10.3390/s22207725.


Linear-array-based photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT) has been widely used in vascular imaging due to its low cost and high compatibility with current ultrasound systems. However, linear-array transducers have inherent limitations for three-dimensional imaging due to the poor elevation resolution. In this study, we introduced a deep learning-assisted data process algorithm to enhance the image quality in linear-array-based PACT. Compared to our earlier study where training was performed on 2D reconstructed data, here, we utilized 2D and 3D reconstructed data to train the two networks separately. We then fused the image data from both 2D and 3D training to get features from both algorithms. The numerical and in vivo validations indicate that our approach can improve elevation resolution, recover the true size of the object, and enhance deep vessels. Our deep learning-assisted approach can be applied to translational imaging applications that require detailed visualization of vascular features.

Keywords: 3D reconstruction; deep learning; photoacoustic tomography; resolution improvement; vascular imaging.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Photoacoustic Techniques* / methods
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • Transducers