Biosecurity in the workplace and a QMS during the COVID-19 pandemic: a survey for Peruvian goods companies

Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2023 Dec;29(4):1467-1476. doi: 10.1080/10803548.2022.2140931. Epub 2022 Nov 30.

Abstract

Objectives. This study analyzes the differences between goods companies with a Standard No. ISO 9001:2015 quality management system (QMS) and those without, in terms of implementation of biosecurity measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study shows whether having a QMS helped companies to implement the biosecurity measures required to continue operating during a pandemic. Methods. The sample was composed of 145 Peruvian goods companies. The empirical data were collected through a questionnaire sent to company presidents, general managers and department heads. The questionnaire focused on four biosecurity dimensions in the workplace: protocols, preventive actions, biosecurity processes and risk management. Results. The study found that companies with a QMS (Standard No. ISO 9001:2015) significantly differed from companies without in the implementation of three of the four biosecurity dimensions. Conclusions. This study is useful for academia and companies because it identifies the main differences between certified and non-certified companies, in terms of adoption of biosecurity measures. This study highlights the importance of a QMS to respond to hazardous situations like a global health crisis, but also provides useful information for the strategic decision-making process of companies.

Keywords: COVID-19; Peruvian goods companies; Standard No. ISO 9001:2015; biosecurity workplace; quality management systems; total quality management.

MeSH terms

  • Biosecurity
  • COVID-19*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics* / prevention & control
  • Peru
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace