Recent Advances in Functional Wound Dressings

Adv Wound Care (New Rochelle). 2022 Dec 13. doi: 10.1089/wound.2022.0059. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Significance: Nowadays, the wound dressing is no longer limited to its primary wound protection ability. Hydrogel, sponge-like material, three dimensional-printed mesh, and nanofiber-based dressings with incorporation of functional components, such as nanomaterials, growth factors, enzymes, antimicrobial agents, and electronics, are able to not only prevent/treat infection but also accelerate the wound healing and monitor the wound-healing status. Recent Advances: The advances in nanotechnologies and materials science have paved the way to incorporate various functional components into the dressings, which can facilitate wound healing and monitor different biological parameters in the wound area. In this review, we mainly focus on the discussion of recently developed functional wound dressings. Critical Issues: Understanding the structure and composition of wound dressings is important to correlate their functions with the outcome of wound management. Future Directions: "All-in-one" dressings that integrate multiple functions (e.g., monitoring, antimicrobial, pain relief, immune modulation, and regeneration) could be effective for wound repair and regeneration.

Keywords: chronic wound; diabetic foot ulcer; hydrogels; nanofibers; sponges; wound dressings; wound healing.