Polycomb group (PcG) repressors and Trithorax group (TrxG) activators of transcription are essential for the proper development and maintenance of gene expression profiles in multicellular organisms. In Drosophila, PcG/TrxG proteins interact with DNA elements called PRE (Polycomb response elements). We have previously shown that the repressive activity of inactive PRE in transgenes can be induced by architectural protein-binding sites. It was shown that the induction of repression is associated with the recruitment of PcG/TrxG proteins, including the DNA-binding factors Pho and Combgap. In the present study, we tested the association of the two other PRE DNA-binding factors, GAF and Psq, with bxdPRE in the presence and absence of sites for architectural proteins. As a result, it was shown that both factors can be efficiently recruited to the bxdPRE only in the presence of adjacent binding sites for architectural proteins Su(Hw), CTCF, or Pita.
Keywords: CTCF; Drosophila; GAF; PRE; Pita; Polycomb; Psq; Su(Hw); repression of transcription.
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