Pyruvate kinase deficiency mimicking congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I

Turk J Pediatr. 2022;64(5):951-955. doi: 10.24953/turkjped.2021.4704.


Background: Pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency is the most common enzyme abnormality in the glycolytic pathway. Here, we describe two siblings with PK deficiency that mimicked congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) type I.

Case: The siblings were referred to our hospital for evaluation of anemia when they were newborns. Their PK enzyme activities were normal. Their bone marrow aspirations and electron microscopies showed CDA-like findings. A CDA panel with next-generation sequencing showed no mutation. Though their PK enzyme levels were normal, a molecular study of the PKLR gene showed a homozygous variant c.1623G > C (p.Lys541Asn) in exon 12 of our patients.

Conclusions: Although the diagnosis of pyruvate kinase deficiency is difficult, it can be confused with many other diagnoses. Bone marrow findings of these cases are similar to congenital dyserythropoietic anemia. In patients with normal pyruvate kinase enzyme levels, the diagnosis cannot be excluded and genetic analysis is required.

Keywords: PKLR gene; congenital dyserythropoietic anemia; pyruvate kinase deficiency.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital* / diagnosis
  • Anemia, Dyserythropoietic, Congenital* / genetics
  • Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital Nonspherocytic* / diagnosis
  • Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital Nonspherocytic* / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pyruvate Kinase / genetics
  • Pyruvate Metabolism, Inborn Errors* / diagnosis
  • Pyruvate Metabolism, Inborn Errors* / genetics


  • Pyruvate Kinase

Supplementary concepts

  • Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency of Red Cells